Period: Early 20th Century
Born: Friday, October 6, 1882 in Tymoshovka, Ukraine
Died: Monday, March 29, 1937 in Lausanne, Switzerland
Nation of Origin: Ukraine
Opera: King Roger
Szymanowski was of Polish heritage and sentiment. He spoke Polish and composed his works in Polish. He was born in his father's country residence in Tymoshovka, in the Government of Kiev (Ukraine). That region had once belonged to Poland. His nationality, therefore, is Ukrainian by birth but Polish in every other regard. He was born on 24 September, 1882 of the old-style Russian calendar. The date of birth given above (6 October, 1882) is correct when translated to the modern calendar in use today.
Slonimsky, Nicolas, Music Since 1900, Schirmer Books, July 1994, ISBN: 0028724186
Salzman, Eric, Twentieth Century Music: An Introduction, Pearson, October 2001, ISBN: 0130959413
Slonimsky, Nicolas and Kuhn, Laura; Editors, Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, Gale Group, December 2000, ISBN: 0028655257
Sadie, Stanley and Tyrrell, John; Editors, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Groves Dictionaries, Inc., January 2004, ISBN: 0195170679
Rutherford-Johnson, Tim, Kennedy, Michael, and Kennedy, Joyce The Oxford Dictionary of Music, Oxford University Press, 6th Edition, 2012, ISBN: 0199578109
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