Born: c. 1270
Died: c. 1300
Nation of Origin: France
Petrus de Cruce is also known as Pierre de la Croix. He is one of the few identifiable composers of the 13th century. His birth and death dates are unknown but he was active from 1270 to 1300. The "Petronian" motet is named for him and consists of three voices. The bottom voice (tenor) is based on a plainchant sung in long notes, the middle voice (duplum) moves in subdivisions of the tenor, and the upper voice (triplum) moves in further subdivisions of the tempus.
Reese, Gustave, Music in the Middle Ages : With an Introduction on the Music of Ancient Times, W.W. Norton & Company, October 1940, ISBN: 0393097501
Sachs, Curt, The Rise of Music in the Ancient World, W. W. Norton & Company, 1943, ASIN: 0393097188
Seay, Albert, Music in the Medieval World, W. W. Norton & Company, 1943, ASIN: 0393097188
Slonimsky, Nicolas and Kuhn, Laura; Editors, Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, Gale Group, December 2000, ISBN: 0028655257
Sadie, Stanley and Tyrrell, John; Editors, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Groves Dictionaries, Inc., January 2004, ISBN: 0195170679
Rutherford-Johnson, Tim, Kennedy, Michael, and Kennedy, Joyce The Oxford Dictionary of Music, Oxford University Press, 6th Edition, 2012, ISBN: 0199578109
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Music in the Medieval World
by Albert Seay
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