Period: Early 20th Century
Born: Thursday, December 10, 1908 in Avignon, France
Died: Tuesday, April 28, 1992 in Clichy, Hauts-de-Seine
Nation of Origin: France
Quatuor pour la fin du temps (Quartet for the end of time) for violin, clarinet, cello, and piano written while Messiaen was imprisoned in a concentration camp.
Messiaen was a teacher of composers Boulez, Stockhausen, Barraqué, and Xenakis. He also instructed the noted musicologist Roland Jackson.
Slonimsky, Nicolas, Music Since 1900, Schirmer Books, July 1994, ISBN: 0028724186
Salzman, Eric, Twentieth Century Music: An Introduction, Pearson, October 2001, ISBN: 0130959413
Slonimsky, Nicolas and Kuhn, Laura; Editors, Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, Gale Group, December 2000, ISBN: 0028655257
Sadie, Stanley and Tyrrell, John; Editors, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Groves Dictionaries, Inc., January 2004, ISBN: 0195170679
Rutherford-Johnson, Tim, Kennedy, Michael, and Kennedy, Joyce The Oxford Dictionary of Music, Oxford University Press, 6th Edition, 2012, ISBN: 0199578109
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Biographical essay from Wikipedia