Period: Early 20th Century
Born: Saturday, November 16, 1895 in Hanau, Germany
Died: Saturday, December 28, 1963 in Frankfurt, Germany
Nation of Origin: Germany
Mathis der Maler (Mathias the Painter)
Symphonic Metamorphosis on Themes of Carl Maria von Weber
Hindemith was a proponent of Gebrauchsmusik, a German word meaning "utility music". Gebrauchsmusik is intended to have a social or educational purpose rather than existing merely for its own sake. Weill, Krenek, and other composers were also proponents of this movement in the 1920s which was influenced by the poet Brecht.
Slonimsky, Nicolas, Music Since 1900, Schirmer Books, July 1994, ISBN: 0028724186
Salzman, Eric, Twentieth Century Music: An Introduction, Pearson, October 2001, ISBN: 0130959413
Slonimsky, Nicolas and Kuhn, Laura; Editors, Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, Gale Group, December 2000, ISBN: 0028655257
Sadie, Stanley and Tyrrell, John; Editors, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Groves Dictionaries, Inc., January 2004, ISBN: 0195170679
Rutherford-Johnson, Tim, Kennedy, Michael, and Kennedy, Joyce The Oxford Dictionary of Music, Oxford University Press, 6th Edition, 2012, ISBN: 0199578109
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Twentieth Century Music: An Introduction
by Eric Salzman
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