Born: Saturday, December 15, 1770 in Bonn, Germany
Died: Monday, March 26, 1827 in Vienna, Austria
Nation of Origin: Germany/Austria
Nine Symphonies (5, 6, and 9 are most revered)
Concerto No. 5 in E-Flat, Opus 73 (Emperor)
Violin Concerto in D
Triple Concerto in C
Grande Sonata Pathétique
String Quartets: (17)
Baptismal records show that Beethoven was baptized on December 17, 1770. His exact birthdate is not known but is probably December 15 or December 16. Beethoven's work bridged the classical and romantic periods. His early work was heavily influenced by Mozart and Haydn. Gradually his music became more intense and romantic. Symphonies 5 through 9 represent the epitomy of early Romantic music. His late string quartets are remarkable and daring. He was a master composer of Romantic music in many forms. The links below point to complete biographies and photographs.
Blume, Friedrich, with Norton, M. D. (Translator) and Norton, Herter (Translator), Classic and Romantic Music; A Comprehensive Survey, W. W. Norton & Company, November 1970, ISBN: 0393098680
Rosen, Charles, The Classical Style : Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, W. W. Norton & Company, March 1997, ISBN: 0393040208
Slonimsky, Nicolas and Kuhn, Laura; Editors, Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, Gale Group, December 2000, ISBN: 0028655257
Sadie, Stanley and Tyrrell, John; Editors, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Groves Dictionaries, Inc., January 2004, ISBN: 0195170679
Rutherford-Johnson, Tim, Kennedy, Michael, and Kennedy, Joyce The Oxford Dictionary of Music, Oxford University Press, 6th Edition, 2012, ISBN: 0199578109
Links to essays at other sites:
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The Classical Style: Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven
by Charles Rosen
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