Bartók, Béla

Period: Early 20th Century

Born: Friday, March 25, 1881 in Nagyszentmiklós, Hungary

Died: Wednesday, September 26, 1945 in New York, New York (USA)

Nation of Origin: Hungary

Major Works:
Mikrokosmos
Cantata Profana
Duke Bluebeard's Castle (1911)
Allegro Barbaro for piano (1911)
Music for Strings, Percussion, and Celesta (1936) Concerto for Orchestra (1943) - tonal opulence and warmth
Third Piano Concerto (1945)
Stage works, choral music, orchestral music, string quartets, works for solo strings, and three piano concertos.

Other Information:
Please note: Bartok's birthplace, Nagyszentmiklós, is now a part of Romania. After World War I, Hungary lost two-thirds of its territory and 60% of its population as the result of the Trianon Treaty of 1920. In a recent article, entitled "Bad Treaty That Won't Go Away," concert pianist Dr. Balint Vazsonyi wrote "Of Hungary's four greatest composers, all born in Hungary of course, only Zoltan Kodaly's birthplace remains [in Hungary]. On today's maps, it appears as if Franz Liszt had been born in Austria,Erno Dohnanyi in Slovakia, and Bela Bartok in Romania. On Bartok's birthday, the Hungarian delegation, wishing to lay a wreath, was turned back at the Romanian border." Many thanks to D.K. Bognar, editor of Hungarians in America, for contributing the valuable information above.

Quick Facts

 

General Bibliography:
Slonimsky, Nicolas, Music Since 1900, Schirmer Books, July 1994, ISBN: 0028724186

Salzman, Eric, Twentieth Century Music: An Introduction, Pearson, October 2001, ISBN: 0130959413

Slonimsky, Nicolas and Kuhn, Laura; Editors, Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, Gale Group, December 2000, ISBN: 0028655257

Sadie, Stanley and Tyrrell, John; Editors, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Groves Dictionaries, Inc., January 2004, ISBN: 0195170679

Rutherford-Johnson, Tim, Kennedy, Michael, and Kennedy, Joyce The Oxford Dictionary of Music, Oxford University Press, 6th Edition, 2012, ISBN: 0199578109


Links to essays at other sites:

Please note: Each link will open in a new window.

Biographical essay from Wikipedia